Family Law

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Family Law

In Malaysia, family law matters are filed and heard in different courts, depending on whether the parties are Muslim or Non-Muslim, due to Article 121(1A) of the Federal Constitution. Simply put, the High Court of Malaya (civil jurisdiction) hears non-Muslim family law matters while the Syariah Courts hear Muslim family law matters.

Our firm handles family law matters, including divorces, adoptions, and applications for probates and letters of administration. We may be able to help you if you have a dispute with your spouse, or with other family members. Here are a few areas where you may require legal assistance.

DIVORCE

Where a marriage is concerned, the parties to the marriage (i.e. husband and wife) may seek for divorce if they are facing some conflict their marriage. Conflict may arise from a third party (mother-in-law, adultery), lack of support, abusive behaviour, etc.

ANNULMENT OF MARRIAGE

An alternative to divorces are annulment of marriages, which apply where marriages cannot be consummated, or one of the parties marries under duress, misrepresentation, or other similar circumstances.

JUDICIAL SEPARATION

Where the court does not dissolve the marriage, but orders that the parties may lead separate lives as though they were not married, and severes many of the legal relationships that the parties have with each other. You may require this service if you are Roman Catholic, as the Roman Catholic faith (apparently) does not allow for divorces.

CUSTODY AND GUARDIANSHIP

Where children are concerned, custody and guardianship is usually an issue, especially if the parties have divorced or separated and they cannot agree to the arrangements for their children. Sometimes also, when the parents are unable to care for the children, a concerned relative may step in to seek custody and guardianship. In some cases, a custody order has been granted, but one parent may seek to amend the terms of the custody order.

INHERITANCE, CONTESTED MATTERS

Where a family member has passed away, inheritance may become a hotly contested issue especially if fraud or undue influence is alleged. Is there a Will? Perhaps there is more than one Will? Was the signature on the Will accepted by the family? Is the signature forged? Is property specified in a Will, that is not supposed to be in the Will?

LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION / GRANT OF PROBATE

The heirs of a deceased person usually seek legal assistance to obtain a Letter of Administration (for circumstances where a party passes away without disclosing a Will) or a Probate Application (for circumstances where there is a Will), to expedite the distribution of the deceased person’s assets. The LA or the Grant of Probate will enable the Administrator or Executor to distribute the assets of the deceased. As the saying goes, “Where there is a Will, there is a way” — the way of the Grant of Probate. When if there is no Will, there is also a way — the way of the Letters of Administration.

RESEALING OF GRANT OF PROBATE

Where a Grant of Probate has been obtained in a foreign jurisdiction by his executor or executrix, but the deceased has immoveable assets in Malaysia, we can help “reseal” the Grant of Probate.

REGISTRATION OF FOREIGN DIVORCE

Where a person has been divorced in a foreign jurisdiction, and has obtained a court order for divorce in a foreign court, there is no need to file for another divorce in Malaysia as the person has already been divorced. What is required is that the foreign court order for divorce should be registered in Malaysia.

ADOPTIONS

Where a couple wish to adopt a child, and the natural parents of the child agree to give up the child for adoption, a law firm may assist the adopting couple to make a formal application in the court. The effect of adoption is that a child is formally recognised as having legal ties with the applicant that adopts him or her.

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家庭法

家庭法在马来西亚判决于不同的法庭, 根据条文法第121 (1A)条的联邦宪法, 穆斯林与非穆斯林申请者是由不同的法庭判决。简单来说,在马来亚高等法院(民事司法管辖权)判断非穆斯林的家庭法而伊斯兰法院审理穆斯林家庭法。

我们律师楼有处理家庭法事项,包括离婚,收养,和申请遗嘱认证和遗嘱管理信。我们也能够帮助你与你配偶或其他家庭成员之间的纠纷。希望通过以下的例子让你了解你需要的法律援助:

离婚

在双方的婚姻(也就是丈夫和妻子),如果出现了冲突可寻求离婚。大致上, 离婚的原因可能来自第三方(岳母/出轨),缺乏对方支持,对方激进的行为等。

无效婚姻

判断无效婚姻也是离婚的其中一个方法,即不能圆房,或其中一方答应结婚是因为收到威胁,不实声明,等等。

司法分居

当法院拒绝当事人的离婚申请,法庭有可能判断当事人分居犹如没有结婚的状态,并断绝当事人之间的合法关系。若你是罗马天主教徒,你可能需要我们的服务因罗马天主教的信奉者是不允许离婚的。

抚养权与监护权

对于同意离婚或分居的父母来说,孩子的抚养权和监护权通常是最重要的一个问题。在父母不能照顾孩子的情况之下,有关亲属可以介入并争取孩子的抚养权与监护权。另一方面,若一方已获得抚养权,另一方可以要求修改抚养权的条件。

继承权纠纷问题

如果家庭成员其中一位去世,继承权极有可能成为就有争议的问题,因继承者可能会为了其继承权而犯了欺骗罪或不当威逼以谋取个人利益。问题是死者有留下遗嘱吗?或许死者有超过一个以上的遗嘱?死者的遗嘱签名是否已得到家人认可?是否伪造签名?遗嘱里的产业是不被认可的?

遗嘱管理信 / 遗嘱认证书

财产继承者通常会需要通过事务所的援助获取遗嘱管理信(在死者没有立下遗嘱的情况之下)或是遗嘱认证申请(在有遗嘱的情况之下),以避免财产分配的延迟。遗嘱管理信 与遗嘱认证书授予遗嘱管理员或遗嘱执行人权利分配死者的资产。简单来说, 若你想要管制死者的遗产,在有遗嘱的情况之下, 你需要遗嘱认证书。然而在没有遗嘱的情况之下,你则需要遗嘱管理信。

重新密封遗嘱认证书

如果执行人的遗嘱认证书是通过海外司法获得,而死者在马来西亚拥有不动产,我们的律师事务所可以帮你“重新密封”遗嘱认证书。

海外注册离婚

若你已在海外离婚并获得海外法院批准的的离婚法令,没有必要在马来西亚重新提交离婚申请。但该海外离婚法令得在马来西亚注册。

收养孩子

若夫妇想收养孩子并且获得孩子的亲生父母同意,我们的律师事务所可以帮助该夫妇向法院正式申请。若申请被批准,申请者与孩子的亲子关系将被合法化。

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